Quiz Protein Synthesis

Name: 

Protein Synthesis

 

 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
1.
In eukaryotes, gene expression is related to the coiling and uncoiling of ____________________.

2.
A DNA subunit composed of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar, and a nitrogen-containing base is called a(n) ____________________.

3.
The name of the five-carbon sugar that makes up a part of the backbone of molecules of DNA is ____________________.

4.
Knowing the order of the bases in a gene permits scientists to determine the exact order of the amino acids in the expressed ____________________.

5.
Due to the strict pairing of nitrogen base pairs in DNA molecules, the two strands are said to be ____________________ to each other.

6.
According to base-pairing rules, adenine pairs with ____________________ and guanine pairs with ____________________.

7.
The enzyme that is responsible for replicating molecules of DNA by attaching complementary bases in the correct sequence is ____________________.

8.
Enzymes called ____________________ are responsible for unwinding the DNA double helix by breaking the hydrogen bonds that hold the complementary strands together.

9.
The process by which DNA copies itself is called ____________________.

10.
Molecules of ____________________ carry instructions for protein synthesis from the nucleus to the cytoplasm.

11.
The nitrogen-containing base that is found only in RNA is ____________________.

12.
The enzyme responsible for making RNA is called ____________________.

13.
The form of ribonucleic acid that carries genetic information from the DNA to the ribosomes is ____________________.

14.
A ____________________ is a sequence of DNA at the beginning of a gene that signals RNA polymerase to begin transcription.

15.
Messenger RNA is produced during the process of ____________________.

16.
Of the 64 codons of mRNA, 61 code for ____________________, 3 are ____________________ signals, and one is a ____________________ signal.

17.
Nucleotide sequences of tRNA that are complementary to codons on mRNA are called ____________________.

18.
The sequence of three nucleotides that code for specific amino acids or stop signals in the synthesis of protein is called a(n) ____________________.

19.
The information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA is used to make protein during the process of ____________________.

20.
During translation, amino acids are brought to the ribosomes by molecules of ____________________.

 

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