Protein Synthesis Quiz

Name: 

DNA & Protein Synthesis

 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
1.
When a tRNA anticodon binds to an mRNA codon, the amino acid detaches from the tRNA molecule and attaches to the end of a growing protein chain.
2.
Only ribosomal RNA plays a role in translation.
3.
During DNA replication, the molecule unzips and the exposed DNA nucleotides pair with other
specific nucleotides present in the nucleus
4.
Humans pass exact copies of their DNA to their offspring.
5.
Watson and Crick proposed a model of DNA
6.
Amino acids are linked together by hydrogen bonds.
7.
During transcription, the information on a DNA molecule is “rewritten” into an mRNA molecule.
8.
All codons encode amino acids.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
9.
Purines and pyrimidines are
a.
bases found in amino acids.
b.
able to replace phosphate groups from defective DNA.
c.
names of specific types of DNA molecules.
d.
bases found in nucleotides.
10.
Chargaff’s rules, or the base-pairing rules, state that in DNA
a.
the amount of adenine equals the amount of thymine.
b.
the amount of guanine equals the amount of cytosine.
c.
the amount of guanine equals the amount of thymine.
d.
Both a and b
11.
ATTG : TAAC ::
a.
AAAT : TTTG
c.
GTCC : CAGG
b.
TCGG : AGAT
d.
CGAA : TGCG
12.
Which of the following types of RNA carries instructions for making proteins?
a.
mRNA
c.
tRNA
b.
rRNA
d.
All of the above
13.
Which of the following is not found in DNA?
a.
adenine
c.
uracil
b.
cytosine
d.
None of the above
14.
Suppose that you are given a polypeptide sequence containing the following sequence of amino acids: tyrosine, proline, aspartic acid, isoleucine, and cysteine. Use the portion of the genetic code given in the table below to determine the DNA sequence that codes for this polypeptide sequence.
mRNA
Amino acid
UAU, UAC
tyrosine
CCU, CCC, CCA, CCG
proline
GAU, GAC
aspartic acis
AUU, AUC, AUA
isoleucine
UGU, UGC
cysteine
a.
AUGGGUCUAUAUACG
c.
GCAAACTCGCGCGTA
b.
ATGGGTCTATATACG
d.
ATAGGGCTTTAAACA
15.
In order for protein synthesis to occur, mRNA must migrate to the
a.
ribosomes.
c.
RNA polymerase.
b.
lac operon.
d.
heterochromatin.
16.
After the primary structure of a protein has been completed
a.
the codons and anticodons unite.
b.
an enzyme attaches adjacent amino acids to each other to form a chain.
c.
the protein folds into the secondary and tertiary structures.
d.
the tRNA molecules remain attached until the protein is secreted from the cell.
17.
Which of the following is  not  part of a molecule of DNA?
a.
deoxyribose
c.
phosphate
b.
nitrogenous base
d.
ribose
18.
During replication in a molecule of DNA, one separation likely to occur is between
a.
cytosine and guanine
c.
ribose and adenine
b.
phosphate and deoxyribose
d.
uracil and thymine
19.
A gene may be described as
a.
a sequence of amino acids.
b.
special proteins found in chromosomes.
c.
a sequence of nucleotides that controls the production of a certain protein.
d.
a sequence of nucleotides coding for the production of starches and sugars.
20.
The synthesis of a new double strand of DNA begins when the two strand of the original DNA helix
a.
‘unzip’.
c.
attract nitrogenous bases.
b.
act as a template.
d.
destroy a genetic code.
21.
Genes(DNA) affect cell structure and function by directing the synthesis of
a.
nucleic acids
c.
nucleotides
b.
hereditary traits
d.
proteins
22.
Protein molecules are made up of
a.
fats
c.
lipids
b.
nucleotides
d.
amino acids
23.
During, DNA replication, DNA
a.
converts to RNA
c.
joins mRNA
b.
joins tRNA
d.
strands separate
24.
Which is not true about proteins?
a.
They control biochemical pathways within the cell.
b.
They direct the synthesis of lipids.
c.
They are composed of sugars.
d.
They take responsibility for cell movement.
25.
Molecules of DNA are composed of long chains of
a.
amino acids.
c.
monosaccharides.
b.
fatty acids.
d.
nucleotides.
26.
Watson and Crick were the first scientists to state that DNA
a.
contains phosphate groups
c.
has four nitrogen bases
b.
undergoes transcription
d.
has a double helix shape
27.
The two chains of a DNA molecule are connected by
a.
nitrogen bonds
c.
bases
b.
relatively weak chemical bonds
d.
nucleotides
28.
All nucleotide molecules contain the same kind of
a.
ribose sugar
c.
pyrimidine
b.
purine
d.
phosphate group
29.
After DNA replication, the two DNA molecules that are made
a.
are complementary.
c.
must replicate again.
b.
are identical.
d.
cannot replicate again.
30.
Sixty-four codons for 20 amino acids requires that
a.
some amino acids lack codons
b.
some amino acids have more than one codon
c.
all amino acids have two codons
d.
none of the above
31.
Which of the following combines with amino acids
a.
DNA
c.
tRNA
b.
mRNA
d.
B and C
32.
rRNA has a function in
a.
synthesizing DNA.
c.
forming ribosomes.
b.
synthesizing mRNA.
d.
transferring amino acids to ribosomes.
33.
The DNA code consists of sequences of nucleotides arranged in groups of
a.
variable number
c.
threes
b.
twos
d.
fours
34.
Unlike mRNA, the DNA molecule is
a.
double-stranded
c.
like a ladder
b.
single-stranded
d.
both A and C
35.
The number of bases in a row in a gene that codes a protein composed of 200 amino acids is
a.
200
c.
600
b.
400
d.
800
36.
A DNA molecule unzips during
a.
replication
c.
translation
b.
transcription
d.
both A and B
37.
A DNA chain has the following sequence of bases, TAG.  The corresponding messenger RNA
chain should have the sequence
a.
ATC
c.
ATG
b.
UTC
d.
AUC
38.
Unlike DNA, RNA
a.
contains deoxyribose.
c.
contains thymine.
b.
is double stranded.
d.
contains uracil.
39.
Which molecule contains deoxyribose
a.
DNA
c.
tRNA
b.
mRNA
d.
both B and C
40.
Each combination of three nitrogenous bases on messenger RNA forms a (an)
a.
anticodon.
c.
enzyme.
b.
codon.
d.
nuclei acid.
41.
In RNA, uracil is complementary to:
a.
guanine
c.
thymine
b.
adenine
d.
cytosine
42.
Once a molecule of transfer RNA has released its amino acid, the tRNA
a.
becomes attached to messenger RNA.
b.
becomes attached to ribosomal RNA.
c.
is destroyed as an individual molecule.
d.
moves away to pick up another amino acid.
43.
If the sequence of bases in a segment of a DNA strand were cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine, adenine, then the sequence in a complimentary strand of newly-made mRNA would be
a.
cytosine, uracil, adenine, guanine, uracil
c.
uracil, adenine, cytosine, uracil, guanine
b.
guanine, cytosine, uracil, adenine, uracil
d.
cytosine, guanine, uracil, uracil, adenine
44.
Which sugar is present in RNA
a.
glucose
c.
ribose
b.
sucrose
d.
deoxyribose
45.
RNA differs from DNA, in that RNA
a.
is single-stranded.
c.
contains the nitrogen base uracil.
b.
contains a different sugar molecule.
d.
All of the above are correct.

 

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