Study of Biology
What is Biology?
1. Define biology.
2. What are organisms?
3. Name 5 groups of organisms.
4. Living things share common _______________.
5. What is the basic unit of life that makes up all organisms?
6. To survive, populations of organisms must be able to _____________ offspring.
7. All organisms have a _________ code carried in a molecule called _______.
8. Organisms require ____________ such as food and need __________ for their activities.
9. Living things _________ to their environment.
10. Organisms must maintain what type of internal environments ?
11. What does evolve mean?
12. Do groups or individuals evolve?
13. All ____________ are made of cells.
14. Most cells are so __________, they can’t be seen without a microscope.
15. What is cytoplasm?
16. What surrounds all cells?
17. What is the function of the cell membrane?
18. Cells are complex and highly ___________.
19. What are organelles and give an example?
20. The simplest type of cells are known as ______________.
21. Describe prokaryotic cells.
22. Name one of the most common prokaryotes.
23. More complex cells are called ______________.
24. Eukaryotes have a true _________ and _________________ organelles.
25. Name 3 types of eukaryotic cells.
26. Organisms can be grouped by their __________ of cells.
27. Define unicellular organisms.
28. What are multicellular organisms?
29. When organisms reproduce they pass what on to their offspring?
30. Name 2 types of reproduction.
31. What type of reproduction involves 2 parents?
32. A fertilized egg is called a ___________.
33. Are sexually reproduce organisms genetically identical to their parents?
34. asexual reproduction involves a _____________ parent or _________.
35. In asexual reproduction, a single cell __________ to form two new cells.
36. How do asexually reproduced organisms genetically compare to their parents?
37. What carries the genetic code for all organisms?
38.DNA stands for ____________________ ___________.
39. Do all organisms have DNA?
40. What does DNA code for in a cell?
41. Why are proteins so important to cells?
Growth and Development
42. Name the stages of development in the life of a frog.
43. Name two ways that organisms grow.
44. When organisms change into adults they ___________ and may change.
Requiring Food and Energy
45. What organisms can make their own food?
46. What is a photoautotroph and give an example.
47. What food making process is used by photoautotrophs?
48. What do chemoautotrophs use to get energy?
49. ___________ cannot make their own food.
50. How do heterotrophs meet their food requirements?
51. Name 3 groups of heterotrophs.
52. Explain the difference among herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores.
53. Define metabolism.
54. All metabolic processes require ____________.
55. What is the ultimate energy for all life on earth?
56. What metabolic process uses sunlight for energy?
57. Write the balanced overall equation for the photosynthesis process and label the reactants & products.
58. What metabolic process releases the chemical energy stored in food?
59. Write the balanced overall equation for cellular respiration .
60. Name several environmental factors that organisms respond to.
61. Give an example of an organism responding to their environment to promote survival.
62. Define homeostasis.
63. Give 3 examples of internal conditions in which organisms must maintain stability.
64. Why do populations evolve?
65. What record do we have that populations evolve?
66. Name 3 nonliving levels into which life is organized.
67. At what level of organization does life begin?
68. Cells organize into ____________.
69. What makes up organs?
70. Organs working together become a ____________, and these working together make the entire _____________.
71. From simplest to most complex, list the levels of life above organism.
72. What is the most inclusive level of life?