Sophomore Biology Pacing Guide

 

 

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Month/SLEs

Content/Skills

Essential  Questions

Assessments & Lab Activities Resources & Literacy

AUGUST
(Nature of Science)

         

Nature of Science

 

Standard 10: Students shall demonstrate an understanding that science is a way of knowing.

 

Explain why science is limited to natural explanations of how the world works

 

NS.10. B.1

Explain why science is limited to natural explanations of how the world works

 

NS.10. B.2

Compare and contrast hypotheses, theories, and laws

 

NS.10. B.3

Distinguish between a scientific theory and the term theory used in general conversation

 

NS.10. B.4

Summarize the guidelines of science:

 A. Explanations are based on observations, evidence, and testing

B.  Hypotheses must be testable

C.  Understandings and/or conclusions may change with additional empirical data 

D.  Scientific knowledge must have peer review and verification before acceptance

Standard 11: Students shall design and safely conduct scientific inquiry

 

NS.11. B.1

Develop and explain the appropriate procedure, controls, and variables (dependent and independent) in scientific experimentation

 

NS.11. B.2

Research and apply appropriate safety precautions (refer to ADE Guidelines) when designing and/or conducting scientific investigations

 

NS.11. B.3

Identify sources of bias that could affect experimental outcome

 

NS.11. B.4

Gather and analyze data using appropriate summary statistics

 

NS.11. B.5

Formulate valid conclusions without bias

 

NS.11. B.6

Communicate experimental results using appropriate reports, figures, and tables

 

Standard 12: Students shall demonstrate an understanding of current life science theories.

 

NS.12.B.1

Recognize that theories are scientific explanations that require empirical data, verification, and peer review

 

NS.12.B.2

Understand that scientific theories may be modified or expanded based on additional empirical data, verification, and peer review

 

Standard 13: Students shall use mathematics, science equipment, and technology as tools to communicate and solve life science problems

NS.13.B.1.

Collect and analyze scientific data using appropriate mathematical calculations, figures, and tables

 

NS.13.B.2

Use appropriate equipment and technology as tools for solving problems (e.g., microscopes, centrifuges, flexible arm cameras, computer software and hardware)

 

NS.13.B.3

Utilize technology to communicate research findings

 

Standard 14: Students shall describe the connections between pure and applied science.

 

NS.14.B.1

Compare and contrast biological concepts in pure science and applied science

NS.14.B.2

Discuss why scientists should work within ethical parameters

 

Standard 15: Students shall describe various life science careers and the training required for the selected career

 

NS.15.B.1

Research and evaluate science careers using the following criteria:

  • educational requirements
  • salary
  • availability of jobs 
  • working conditions

 

 

Nature of Science

 

The major content themes of  biology

  Matter and Energy

  Cells

  Interdependence

  Reproduction and Inheritance

  Evolution

  Homeostasis and Stability
 

What science is and is not

  Deals only with natural world

  Explanations can be tested    

  Explanations are used to make predictions

  Is revised to account for new evidence

  Also refers to a body of knowledge that has accumulated after repeated attempts to verify/refute

 

Process of science