pz moss fern

Mosses & Ferns
Use the word bank to complete the following paragraphs on mosses and ferns.
Plants that lack tubes to carry food and water are called __________ plants. These plants are also known as __________. Most bryophytes are __________ and live in moist environments. __________ is required so that the sperm can swim to the __________ during fertilization. Bryophytes do not produce __________, but instead produce spores to reproduce. These plants exhibit _______________ in their life cycle. Because these plants lack vascular tissue, they are __________ in height.

__________ is one example of a bryophyte that grows like a lush, green carpet. The dominant stage in the moss life cycle is the __________. Root like __________ attach each gametophyte to the soil but do not absorb water. Both __________ and __________ gametophytes exist. The __________ generation is attached to the __________ of the gametophyte. Mosses are called __________ plants because they often are the first plants to re-enter a barren area. Mosses also help prevent __________. __________, or peat moss, is harvested and burned as __________ in some countries.

__________ and hornworts are nonvascular plants that also grow in moist, shady places. Liverworts have __________ structures along a stem and lay __________ to the ground. __________, like algae, have a single large _________ in each cell.

Ferns are simple, __________ plants that also lack seeds and reproduce by __________. __________ ferns are the largest ferns. Most ferns have an __________ stem called a __________. New leaves of ferns are tightly __________ and are called __________. Mature fern leaves are called _________. Spores are produced on the __________ of fern fronds.

Word Bank:

nonvascular spores vascular
underground coiled fronds
Moss underside Tree
Hornworts rhizome terrestrial
male leaflike close
Liverworts bryophytes fiddleheads
top chloroplast Sphagnum
rhizoids gametophyte egg
sporophyte Water female
soil erosion seeds small
alternation of generations fuel pioneer