Introduction to Plants
1. The first habitat for plants on earth was _____________.
2. Which algal group is most related to early land plants?
3. What is this group of algae called?
4. List 5 similarities between algae and terrestrial plants.
5. List 5 helpful adaptations aquatic plants have by being surrounded by water.
6.Complete the following table explaining how terrestrial plants solved the move onto land.
|Plant Adaptations to land|
|Increase in Height to get Light|
|Adaptations for drier environment|
How Are Plants All Alike
7. All plants are ____________________.
8. Plants can make their own food by a process called ____________________.
9. Since plants make their own food they are called _________________.
10. Plants contain what type of chlorophyll?
11. Where is chlorophyll found in plants?
12. What surrounds the outside of all plant cells and what is it composed of?
13. How do plants store their reserve food?
14. The life cycle of plants is known as __________________ of _________________.
15. The dominant stage of the plant is the diploid (2n) ________________ stage.
16. The eggs and sperm are produced during the haploid (1n) ________________ stage.
17. The gametophyte stage produces a multicellular plant ______________ that is protected inside an ____________ ___________.
18. The sporophyte stage produces _____________ by _____________.
19. Haploid spores undergo ______________ to produce the _______________ stage.
20. The gametophyte stage makes _____________ called the _________ and ___________.
21. Label the diagram of alternation of generation. Include the sporophyte and gametophyte generations, the chromosome number (2n or 1n), and where mitosis and meiosis occur.
22. Plants are divided into __________ groups based on the presence or absence of an ___________ _____________ ___________ for carrying water and dissolved _____________.
23. What is the transport system for water and minerals called?
24. ______________ plants lack vascular tissue and are called _______________.
25. In what type of environment must nonvascular plants live?
26. Give an example of a bryophyte.
27. Nonvascular plants can’t grow as tall as vascular plants. Explain why.
28. The cells of nonvascular plants must be in _________ contact with water because water moves by _______________ from cell to cell.
29. How does the sperm get to the egg in nonvascular plants?
30. Name 3 divisions of nonvascular plants and give and organism found in each division.
31.Vascular plants are also called _______________.
32. What are the 2 subdivisions of vascular plants?
33. Name 4 divisions of seedless vascular plants and give an example of a plant in each group.
34. Name the 2 groups of seed-bearing vascular plants.
35. Gymnosperms have ____________ seeds found inside cones.
36. Angiosperms have ___________ to attract ____________ so seeds can be produced.
37. Name the division known as conifers and tell several plants in this group/
38. Name 2 other divisions of gymnosperms and tell a plant in each group.
39. Name the oldest living plant.
40. Name the tallest living plant.
41. What group are these 2 plants in?
42. Angiosperms are called ____________ plants.
43. How are seeds formed in angiosperms?
44. Where is the ovary found?
45. Name the male and female parts of a flower.
46. How are fruits formed?
47. Angiosperms are the division ______________.
48. What are the 2 subgroups of Anthophyta.
49. Describe the characteristics of monocots.
50. Describe the characteristics of dicots.