History of Taxonomy
1. Define taxonomy.
2. Who was first to classify organisms?
3. Explain Aristotleís taxonomy of
4. Why are common names not good to use
when classifying organisms? Give an example.
5. Describe Carolus Linnaeusís system
6. Linnaeus used ____________________ or
form & structure to classify organisms.
7. List Linnaeusís levels of
organization in order starting with the broadest classification level.
8. Name Linnaeusís two kingdoms.
9. What is the difference between phylum
& division? How are they alike?
10. What classification level contains
only a single type of organism?
11. Give the taxonomy for a lion.
12. In Linnaeusís naming system,
___________________ words are used as the name.
13. Explain Linnaeusís 2-word naming
14. What is Linnaeusís naming system
15. Write the scientific name for man.
16. The ___________ name is written first
and must always be __________________.
17. The ____________ name is written
second and should _____________ be capitalized.
18. Name 2 things a species name may do.
19. What are varieties?
20. What are subspecies?
21. Write a scientific name that includes
22. What do modern taxonomist use to
23. What is phylogeny?
Modern Phylogenetic Taxonomy
24. Name 6 things used by modern
taxonomists to classify organisms.
25. Classification of an organism should reflect its __________ or ___________ history.
26. What is systematics?
27. Name a tool used by systematic
28. What is a phylogenetic tree?
29. Draw a phylogenetic tree showing the
possible relationships among animal phyla.
30. Do phylogenetic trees ever change?
31. What complex animal group is located
at the top of your phylogenetic tree?
32. Do all organisms have complete fossil
33. Which structures show that organisms
are more closely related, homologous or analogous?
34. Features similar in structure but with different functions are called _______________ structures.
35. Early patterns of similar
______________________ development show relationships.
36. The fertilized egg or _______________
divides by mitosis.
37. What is the blastula & make a
38. What is the blastopore, & what
does it become?
39. The blastopore becomes the mouth in many animals except in ________ where it becomes their ______________.
40. What invertebrate group is most
closely related to the vertebrates?
41. Taxonomists compare macromolecules
such as ____________, ____________, & ____________ to show similarities
42. If two organisms have similar banding
patterns on their chromosomes then they are _______________ related.
43. What is used in cladistics to show
44. What is a derived character &
give an example?
45. Do shared derived characters show
46. What is a cladogram?
47. Sketch a cladogram for vertebrates.
Modern Systems of Classification
48. The discovery of 2 broad types of
bacteria led taxonomists to develop what type of classification system?
49. Name the 6 kingdoms & tell which
are prokaryotes & which are eukaryotes.
50. Describe members of the kingdom
51. In what type of environment are
52. Did Archaebacteria carry on
53. What kingdom contains true bacteria?
54. Name 4 things Eubacteria do that
affect your life.
55. Do all true bacteria use oxygen?
56. How do all bacteria reproduce?
57. Why are bacteria able to evolve so
quickly? Give an example.
58. Most protists are ______ organisms,
but some like the giant kelp are _________ without __________.
59. Since protists are eukaryotes, what
special structures do they contain?
60. Some protists like ________________ feed on other organisms, while __________ have chloroplasts & make their own food.
61. Describe the characteristics of
62. How do fungi get food?
64. Multicellular plants are in the
65. Most plants are ________________ and
make food energy by ________________.
66. Most plants live on ________________.
67. Name 4 examples of major plant
68. Describe the characteristics of the
69. Most animals have _______________
70. Both plants & animals reproduce
71. Using information about __________
RNA, __________ developed the three _______ classification system.
72. Name the 3 domains.
73. Domain ___________ contains the same
organisms as the kingdom Archaebacteria.
74. Domain ________________ contains the
same organisms as kingdom Eubacteria.
75. What is included in domain Eukarya?