Chapter 5 Structure & Function of Macromolecules
Principles of Polymers
List the four major classes of macromolecules.
Distinguish between monomers and polymers.
Draw diagrams to illustrate condensation and hydrolysis
Serve as Fuel and Building Material
Distinguish among monosaccharides, disaccharides, and
Describe the formation of a glycosidic linkage.
Distinguish between the glycosidic linkages found in starch and
cellulose. Explain why the difference is biologically important.
Describe the role of symbiosis in cellulose digestion.
Are a Diverse Group of Hydrophobic Molecules
Describe the building-block molecules, structure, and biological
importance of fats, phospholipids, and steroids.
Identify an ester linkage and describe how it is formed.
Distinguish between saturated and unsaturated fats.
Name the principal energy storage molecules of plants and
Have Many Structures and Many Functions
Distinguish between a protein and a polypeptide.
Explain how a peptide bond forms between two amino acids.
List and describe the four major components of an amino acid.
Explain how amino acids may be grouped according to the physical and
chemical properties of the R group.
Explain what determines protein conformation and why it is
Explain how the primary structure of a protein is determined.
Name two types of secondary protein structure. Explain the role
of hydrogen bonds in maintaining secondary structure.
Explain how weak interactions and disulfide bridges contribute to
tertiary protein structure.
List four conditions under which proteins may be denatured.
Acids Store and Transmit Hereditary Information
List the major components of a nucleotide, and describe how these
monomers are linked to form a nucleic acid.
pyrimidine and purine
nucleotide and nucleoside
ribose and deoxyribose
end and 3'
end of a nucleotide
Briefly describe the three-dimensional structure of DNA.