ap lectureguide04

AP Biology: CHAPTER 4

CARBON & THE MOLECULAR DIVERSITY OF LIFE

1. Define organic chemistry.

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2. What are the major groups of organic compounds studied in biology?

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3. Describe some of the shapes of carbon skeletons.

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4. Define the following:

a. Isotopes ________________________________________________________________

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b. Geometric isotopes ________________________________________________________

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c. Enantiomers _____________________________________________________________

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5. Why are enantiomers of biological interest?

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6. What is the significance of functional groups?

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7. For each of the functional groups, complete the chart:

Group Formula Properties
Hydroxyl

..

.

Carbonyl .. aldehyde
Carbonyl . ketone
Carboxyl . .
Amino . .
Sulfhydryl . .
Phosphate . .